Military Bulletin 06/2015 – Soviet Submarine Fleet


Military Bulletin 06/2015 – Soviet Submarine Fleet

There is a lot of talk about the demise of the Russian Submarine Fleet, but one still exists and is still very powerful. Split into Strategic and Tactical, the Russians currently have:

Strategic SSBN

3 x Kalmar (Delta III), each carrying 16 R-29-R Volna (SS-N-18 stingray) strategic Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBM)

6 x Delfin (Delta IV), each carrying 16 R-29RMU Sineva (SS-N-23 Skiff) strategic SLBM (One has just returned from repairs)

1 x Akula (Typhoon) in reserve for training with the capacity for 20 Bulava (SS-N-X-32) SLBM. (trials/testing)

2 x Borey with capacity for 16 Bulava (SS-N-X-32) SLBM (missiles not yet operational). One additional vessel expected 2014/2015.

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K-535_Yuri_Dolgorukiy_at_sea_trials

K-535 Yuri Dolgorukiy, Borey-Class, at sea trials

“K-535 Yuri Dolgorukiy at sea trials” by Schekinov Alexey Victorovich – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons 

Tactical

SSGN

8 x Antyey (Oscar II) (of which three are in reserve or repair). each has 2 x 12-cell launcher with 3M45 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) Submarine Launched Cruise Missile (SLCM) Anti-ship missiles (AShM). 2 single 650mm Torpedo Tubes (TT) each with T-65 HWT. 4 single 553mm TT.

1 x Yasen (Graney) with one Octoupule Vertical Launch System (VLS) with 3M55 Onyx AShM; 3M14 Kalibr (SS-N-30) SLCM; 8 single 533mm TT.

SSN

Russia also has 17 Nuclear attack submarines, SSN, consisting of the following types:

2 x Schuka-B (Akula II)

8 x Schuka-B (Akula I)

2 x Kondor (Sierra II)

1 x Barracuda (Sierra I)

4 x Schuka-B (Victor III)

SSK

The Russian navy has 21 x SSK submarines. 2 x Varshavyanka (Kilo) are under construction along with 2 x Lada (AIP fitted)

The submarines are spread across four major fleets; Northern Fleet, Pacific Fleet, Baltic Fleet and Black Sea Fleet. There is also a Caspian Sea Flotilla.

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r28353_39_russia_petropavlosk_pleiades_01052013_l-2

Pleiades satellite imagery of Russian Submarines – Petropavlovsk, Russia

Copyright: CNES 2013, Distribution Airbus DS

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The Russian Navy, according to the State Armaments Programme to 2020, will focus on nuclear-submarine construction in the medium term.There are two key projects; the building of 8 x Borey with capacity for 16 Bulava (SS-N-X-32) SLBM and 7  x Yasen Class multipurpose nuclear powered attack submarines  equipped with cruise missiles.  It is believed that these plans will not be achieved on schedule, based on the difficulties already experienced in building 50 or more major warships. The main armament doesn’t appear to be ready for the Borey-class of submarine, with the failure of the Bulava test launch in September 2014.

The Russian navy is also working on two other special projects, manned by officers only. Project 210 Losharik and Project 09851 khabarovsk. These ‘special purpose’ nuclear submarines are being constructed for use in special operations of an undisclosed nature.

The Bear is still growling…..

Post copyrighted to Harvey Black

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